“Print – It’s everywhere! It’s on our coffee table; in our freezer; on the bumper of our car. It can be found on our walls, our doorstep, and on our clothes. It’s on our mail, in our wallet, and most often in our hands.”

Screen printing is a direct printing process capable of printing on all kinds of substrates. This printing technique is therefore used in all fields, from graphic printing to flexible packaging to footwear to textile and for industrial applications like IMD and CD.

Catering to the needs of the screen printing industry our Chairman, Mr Gurbaksish Gulati travelled throughout the world and brought the best brands to the doorstep of screen printing industry keeping momentum with revolution and modernization of International standard.

We at Gurbaksish group are assisting our clients by making them equipped with the advanced screen printing process thereby ensuring that they are using the Quality products with a right process  assuring the achievement of their desired results further resulting in customer’s satisfaction and delight .

General view of the Screen Printing process

For the pre-press we have with us following Autotype’s screen making chemicals :

  • Auto prep Gel
  • Universal Mesh Prep
  • Emulsions
  • Capillary Films
  • Five Star
  • Industrial polyester films

The above have the applications in:

  • Electronic Display
  • Membrane touch switches
  • Automotive instrument display
  • Fascia Panels
  • Footwear Industry


  • Polyester / Nylon porous cloth pneumatically stretched tightly over an aluminium frame. Proper tension is essential to accurate color registration and less consumption of ink.
  • The stretched cloth is chemically treated with Auto prep gel to degrease the cloth, then further it is treated with Universal mesh prep to abrade the cloth for better hold of emulsion over the cloth
  • Emulsion (image creating photopolymer liquid) is coated over above treated screen
  • Positive with the image is exposed over the photo-sensitised emulsion through a metal halide lamp.
  • A stencil ( with the printing area ) is produced on the screen photochemically.

Screen Printing

  • Inks
  • Print with manual or mechanical process

For printing we have with us following inks :

  • Winson inks for Footwear Industry – Solvent and Water based
  • Encres Dubuit for Smart Cards, POP, Front Panels, Perfumes, Flasks, Bottles,Packaging and Labels
  • Proll inks for IMD, Membrane switches, 3D forming

Post Press and finishing

Screen cleaning

Screen reclamation

Screen printing is arguably the most versatile of all printing processes, a greater thickness of the ink can be applied to the substrate that is not possible with other printing techniques. It can be used to print on a wide variety of substrates, including paper, plastics, metals, footwear materials, PU/PVC sheet, fabrics, and many other materials.

The major chemicals used include :

  • Auto prep gel ( to degrease the marks during handling and manufacturing )
  • Universal mash prep ( to abrade and make the polyester mesh ready to adhere emulsion properly and for long time )
  • Screen emulsion ( the photosensitive material )
  • Inks, resins and solvents
  • Surfactants and additives
  • Caustics and oxidizers used in screen reclamation

Screen printing ink is applied to the substrate by placing the screen over the material to be printed. Ink with a paint-like consistency is placed onto the top of the screen. Ink is then forced through the fine mesh openings using a squeegee that is drawn across the screen, applying pressure, thereby, forcing the ink through the open areas of the screen. Ink will pass through only in areas where no stencil (non printing area) is applied, thus forming an image on the printing substrate. The diameter of the threads and the thread count of the mesh along with the stencil coating thickness will determine how much ink is deposited onto the substrates.

The lift off between the screen and substrate decides the proper and sharp image of ink to be printed.

Many factors such as size and form, angle, pressure, and speed of the squeegee determine the quality of the impression made by the squeegee.

The squeegee made from polyurethane can produce more impressions without significant degradation of the image.

Screen Printing Inks

Solvent based screen printing inks are formulated with primarily solvent. The solvent evaporates and results in VOC emissions.

Water based screen inks, are formulated with water though they contain significantly less solvent, may still emit VOC’s from small amounts of solvent and other additives blended into the ink.

The liquid waste material may also be considered hazardous waste.

UV curable inks consist of liquid prepolymers, monomers, and initiators which upon being exposed to large doses of U.V. Radiation instantly polymerize the vehicle to a dry, tough thermosetting resin. They also require less energy, to dry or “cure”.

The down side of UV inks is that they can cost as much as three times that of regular inks and must be handled differently than conventional inks due to safety issues. Additionally, solvents are required for clean-up which results in some VOC emissions.

Plastisol inks (both solvent and water based) are used in textile screen printing.