Download Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers by Jose R Oliver PDF

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By Jose R Oliver

Cemís are either moveable artifacts and embodiments of people or spirit, which the Taínos and different natives of the better Antilles (ca. advert 1000-1550) considered as numinous beings with supernatural or magic powers. This quantity takes an in depth examine the connection among people and different (non-human) beings which are imbued with cemí energy, in particular in the Taíno inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. The relationships tackle the real questions of id and personhood of the cemí icons and their human “owners” and the results of cemí gift-giving and gift-taking that sustains a posh internet of relationships among caciques (chiefs) of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.

 

Oliver presents a cautious research of the 4 significant kinds of cemís—three-pointed stones, huge stone heads, stone collars, and elbow stones—as good as face mask, which supply an engaging distinction to the stone heads. He reveals proof for his interpretation of human and cemí interactions from a severe evaluation of 16th-century Spanish ethnohistoric records, particularly the Relación Acerca de las Antigüedades de los Indios written by means of Friar Ramón Pané in 1497–1498 lower than orders from Christopher Columbus. Buttressed through examples of local resistance and syncretism, the quantity discusses the iconoclastic conflicts and the connection among the icons and the people. targeting this and at the a variety of contexts during which the relationships have been enacted, Oliver unearths how the cemís have been imperative to the workout of local political energy. Such cemís have been thought of an instantaneous hazard to the hegemony of the Spanish conquerors, as those effective items have been noticeable as allies within the local resistance to the onslaught of Christendom with its icons of saints and virgins.

 

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Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory) by Jose R Oliver


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